‘Press Play’ Is Not a Educating Technique: Why Educators Want New Strategies for Video | Loop Tech

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My first foray into utilizing video in my instructing concerned a TV cart that drove into my classroom, filled with a plugged-in VHS participant, and no distant management.

As a trainer or scholar, you would possibly keep in mind a screening of ET the Alien throughout trip week, or a school-wide screening of a “Stranger Hazard” PSA. Whether or not it was a function movie or an educational video, the ’80s and ’90s had been a ‘press and play’ tradition that anticipated college students to take a seat nonetheless, take up and retain, whereas the educator sat within the again grading. I nonetheless keep in mind a trainer I had pointing to his TV cart and saying, “that is a busy trainer’s finest pal.”

Quick ahead to 2022, and it is vital to ask: are lecturers nonetheless pushing the present model of that TV cart in our bodily and on-line lecture rooms?

Though 97 % of training professionals in Kaltura’s annual State of Video in Schooling report say video is “important to college students’ educational experiences,” in the case of video educational practices, many instructors they nonetheless press the sport. Maybe that is just because we have not experimented with methods that transcend the passive video expertise.

As I ready to show my first academic videography course earlier this yr, I discovered that we lacked a standard vocabulary to speak about how we design studying with video in thoughts. Since then, I have been selling the time period “video paratext” to replicate the myriad methods we design academic guides, prompts, actions, or interactive parts to encompass or embrace in a video.

I took the phrase “paratext” out of the sector of poetry translation as a result of I personally love “paratext” that precedes or follows a poem, and even interrupts it. In poetry readings specifically, I lean on the phrases {that a} poet shares earlier than or after studying every poem. The paratext helps me join and make sense of the poem.

Equally, I ask educators to contemplate learn how to assist college students join with the movies by means of varied prompts and actions that encompass or are included within the video.” Would possibly such “paratext” encourage college students to look at a more in-depth take a look at a video you have seen?, the best way you would possibly need to reread a poem to see the way it works or what it means?

With that in thoughts, I ask educators this query: How can we use the paratext of video to advance analysis and engagement? With YouTube persevering with to be full of academic movies which can be typically accessible and have customized captions, possibly we do not have to reinvent the wheel or turn into do-it-yourself videographers to discover a video-based strategy to studying that matches our instructing philosophy? ?

introductory paratext

Let’s think about what would possibly make video-based studying simpler for college kids. Think about college students with much less and extra expertise utilizing academic movies. Please word that college students should not have widespread expectations for learn how to use these movies. What sort of introductory textual content, video, or exercise could lead on everybody to the assigned video with out overwhelming them?

Listed here are some methods an teacher would possibly put together a clip:

  • Technical paratext: As of late college students have many technical instruments to form their viewing expertise, together with taking part in a video at twice the pace (or extra). Subsequently, it may be useful for lecturers to speak about the kind of viewing they count on for a given task and whether or not it’s okay to skim by means of, and even skip, components of a video. I encourage educators to incorporate the video title, size, linked supply, and a abstract of any associated actions we count on college students to finish.
  • Video Hooks: As college students traverse video land, the sight might be disorienting. An assigned video could also be a private favourite for the teacher, however to the scholars it’s new and never essentially of curiosity. Lecturers can begin by serving to college students make private connections to that video. Constructing on what Madeline Hunter calls an “anticipatory set,” instructors could attempt to spark curiosity, activate prior data, or assist college students be taught with a way of expectation.
  • Video Framing – Whereas an teacher cannot continuously cease the video to see what to look at, it’s doable to ask a key query or two early on and encourage college students to maintain that in thoughts. I typically ask college students to look intently at recurring themes, a selected design approach, or an analytical lens. It might probably additionally assist encourage college students to search for problematic parts, together with errors in drawback fixing, biases, or the absence of sure views (ie, seeing “in opposition to the grain”).
  • Be student-centered: Whereas the educator could find yourself within the “again of the room” throughout a video-based exercise, college students haven’t got to stay passive. Ask college students to write down down questions earlier than watching and through the viewing. Ask college students to generate new concepts and theories that they’ll share.
  • Set clear expectations. Whatever the strategy, you’ll want to make clear what is predicted of scholars on this video-based studying expertise, particularly if there’s a associated check or follow-up exercise.

closing paratext

Too typically, trainer steerage on movies inadvertently relegates our function as educators to what we would name “studying compliance displays.” In different phrases, too typically we merely administer a high-stakes quiz or pop quiz to see in the event that they watched a video. What closing actions might assist college students replicate on or apply their data to an actual mission or follow?

In my experiences as a Okay-12 trainer and now within the school setting, I’ve requested college students to offer a video “micro-reflection” by writing three sentences or making a one-minute video explaining what they realized and what that you simply need to delve into. I additionally requested college students to elucidate how a video they watched is related to their very own life or neighborhood. I’ve even requested college students to think about themselves within the director’s chair, explaining an alternate ending they’d relatively see or growing a supporting character’s story.

physique paratext

There are edtech instruments that may assist incorporate these methods at the same time as a video progresses. For instance, you may embed prompts, quizzes, asynchronous discussions, and quite a lot of different dynamic actions proper in the midst of movies utilizing instruments like PlayPosit, Edpuzzle, and Nearpod. Which means the teacher can even interrupt with a word to pay particular consideration to some element or matter within the subsequent part.

As of late there may be discuss of an much more immersive video expertise on the horizon, in a proposed metaverse being pushed by main tech firms. My hope is that lecturers keep in mind to let pedagogy drive our use of the newest know-how, and that our give attention to sharing new sorts of “video paratext” can assist make sure that revolutionary approaches align with our core beliefs about instructing. and studying.

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‘Press Play’ Is Not a Teaching Strategy: Why Educators Need New Methods for Video

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